The difference between hip resurfacing and a total hip replacement surgery leaves many people confused, and I was no exception. Deciding between these two treatments was really confusing until I understood which was the right option for me. While many doctors recommend hip surfacing, few others suggested total hip replacements. So this confusion led me to know more about these two treatments in detail. From the procedure to the cost of hip replacement in India, I found the two procedures to be quite different. This post will tell you why I chose a hip resurfacing instead of a total hip replacement. So, let’s dive into the post.
What is Hip Resurfacing?
A hip resurfacing procedure is basically a category of hip replacement surgery. It uses implants to alleviate hip pain and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis and other disorders. The implants replace damaged tissue and bone, enabling more fluid mobility. The best candidates for hip resurfacing are men under the age of 60. This process involves removing damaged bone and cartilage from the ball and socket of the hip. A smooth metal cap is set on top of the shaved thigh bone by your surgeon. After that, the surgeon inserts a metal shell into the hip socket. These two metal components move in tandem, resulting in a painless, smooth action.
What is Total Hip Replacement?
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) removes the damaged cartilage and bone and replaces them with prosthetic components. A metal stem inserted into the femur’s hollow-core removes and replaces a femoral head. Moreover, the femoral stem can be cemented or “pressed fit” into the bone.
A metal or ceramic ball is inserted on the upper half of the stem; this ball replaces the removed, damaged femoral head. The socket’s injured cartilage surface (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement secure the socket if needed. In fact, this treatment gives consistent results for patients with end-stage degenerative hip osteoarthritis. Also, it produces pain alleviation, functional restoration, and an overall improvement in quality of life.
So, how is a hip surfacing treatment better than a total hip replacement? Let’s have a look.
Difference Between a Hip Surfacing and a Total Hip Replacement
A traditional hip replacement relieves discomfort from a diseased hip by replacing the ball and socket. The ball at the top of the thigh bone (femur) is removed to insert a stemmed component in the thigh bone’s marrow cavity. A ball is attached to the top of the stemmed component. The ball articulates with the pelvic socket (acetabulum).
While a hip replacement works well in many individuals, it has limitations in patients who want to stay active and are old enough to outlive a routine hip replacement (10 to 20 years). When a hip replacement fails, it frequently loosens from the bone, which can cause it to thin. This process is painful and requires a frequent revision hip replacement. Because there is less bone to fix a new component, a revision procedure is riskier and more difficult to perform than the first surgery. This bone loss can be critical in cases when the hip has reconstructed multiple times.
How is Hip Surfacing better than Total Hip Replacement?
There are numerous advantages of hip surfacing over a total hip replacement. These are:
- Hip surfacing makes bone preservation on the thigh bone, which may make revision surgery easier.
- Due to the huge size of the ball, there is a lower chance of dislocation (when the ball disengages from the socket)
- Hip resurfacing reduces the quantity of stiff metal inside the marrow cavity to improve stress distribution to the top of the femur.
- Hip surfacing adds more resistance to life’s activities such as sports, running, skiing, and so on than a total hip replacement.
- In younger people, a hip surfacing may survive longer than a full hip replacement.
Hip Surfacing and Hip Replacement Surgery Cost in India
The average hip replacement surgery cost in India is between 4 lakh to 5 lakh. The prices, however, may vary depending on the hospitals in different cities. On the other hand, the cost of hip surfacing is around 3 lakh in India. The package includes:
- Quality and type of implant used
- Surgeon experience
- Duration of hospital stay
- Type of room
- Medication and consumables cost
- Post-surgery management
- Physical therapy and rehabilitation.
Just like me, if you have made up your mind to go with a hip replacement treatment instead of a total hip replacement, it’s time to take action. Lyfboat offers detailed information about hospitals, surgeons, and hip replacement surgery costs in India. To know more, visit Lyfboat and get a free consultation or live consultation regarding the best treatment option available for you.
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